Tan­zania Part 3: Mama Samia and the World Eco­nomic Forum

When Tanzania’s pre­vious pre­si­dent, Dr John Pombe Maga­fuli, died unex­pec­tedly on 17 March 2021, Mrs Samia Suluhu Hassan, the pre­vious vice-pre­si­dent, took his place. 

The now acting pre­si­dent was born in Zan­zibar, stu­died in Eng­land and worked for the United Nations World Food Pro­gramme[1], [2].  She is often abbre­viated as Rais Suluhu (»Pre­si­dent Suluhu«) or just as respect­fully as Mama Samia (»Mrs Samia«).

Pre­si­dent for eco­nomic deve­lo­p­ment in the spirit of the WEF?

Suluhu is known not only for her affi­lia­tion to Islam, but also for her close ties to mem­bers of the World Eco­nomic Forum (WEF)[3], [4].  Whe­ther she herself is a member of the WEF[5], [6], is ques­tioned in a fact check dated 01 April 2021[7], however, she is clearly named on their web­site under the hea­ding »MSc in Eco­nomic Deve­lo­p­ment«[8]. In fact, the fact che­ckers do not reject her mem­bership, but that as a member she auto­ma­ti­cally par­ti­ci­pates in a »global coup«:

»Social media users have claimed a World Eco­nomic Forum web­page fea­turing the name and a pic­ture of Tanzania’s new pre­si­dent, Samia Suluhu Hassan, is proof that she works for the orga­ni­sa­tion, and the­re­fore is part of a “world­wide coup”. This claim is false. “ [9]

Tan­zania at the WEF for 12 years already

To what extent »Mama Samia« sup­ports the »Great Reset« or not is not clear from the avail­able sources. However, the impor­t­ance of the WEF for Tan­za­nian poli­tics should not be unde­re­sti­mated. Already in 2010, the first mee­ting of Young Global Lea­ders in Africa took place in Dar es Salaam[10]. In 2022, the fol­lowing decision-makers were already par­ti­ci­pants in the World Eco­nomic Forum in Davos:

  • Philip Isdor Mpango (Vice-Pre­si­dent)
  • Hus­sein Mohamed Bashe (Minister of Agriculture)
  • Mwi­gulu Nchemba Madelu (Minister of Finance)
  • Saada Mkuya Salum (Minister of State, Finance and Plan­ning)[11]

It is worth men­tio­ning here that no par­ti­ci­pants from Tan­zania have been announced for the WEF in Davos in 2019[12], 2020[13] and 2021[14]. Could it be that poli­tical changes in the sense of the WEF under the former pre­si­dent, Dr. John Pombe Mag­u­fuli, were con­si­dered unpro­mi­sing in Tan­zania and the­re­fore no Tan­za­nian decision-makers were invited in each case?

Glo­ba­li­sa­tion in the spirit of Agenda 21?

Philip Isdor Mpango, as Vice-Pre­si­dent, worked in the past as a »Senior Eco­no­mist« for the World Bank[15]. The latter’s objec­tives include dere­gu­la­tion, i.e., pri­va­ti­sa­tion of state-owned enter­prises, and the achie­ve­ment of the sus­taina­bi­lity cri­teria (SDGs) [16].

The so-called »sus­tainable deve­lo­p­ment« or »Agenda 21« (now replaced by the »Agenda 2030«[17])

»IST EINE poli­ti­sche Bewe­gung, die bemüht ist, die Welt­wirt­schaft zu kon­trol­lieren, ihre Ent­wick­lung zu dik­tieren und den Reichtum der Welt auf der natio­nalen, der bun­des­staat­liche und der lokalen Ebene an sich zu reißen und umzu­ver­teilen. Dieser Pro­zess ver­bietet die Nut­zung von Grund du Boden sowie von Roh­stoffen durch dessen Bewohner und plant eine zen­tra­li­sierte Wirt­schaft, wäh­rend er die Wirt­schaft, die Logistik, die Nah­rungs­mit­tel­pro­duk­tion, die Was­ser­ge­win­nung sowie das Wachstum, die Größe und den Lebens­raum der Bevöl­ke­rung kon­trol­liert. Kurz gesagt ist die Agenda 21 einer von meh­reren Plänen, die ent­worfen wurden, um eine Koali­tion aus Regie­rungen, Unter­nehmen und Nicht­re­gie­rungs­or­ga­ni­sa­tionen (NGOs) unter der Schirm­herr­schaft der Ver­einten Nationen (UN) zu bilden. Um die totale Kon­trolle über sämt­liche mensch­liche Akti­vi­täten und Güter der Welt zu erlangen, wird dieses System einer glo­balen Regie­rung über einen Ver­bund aus einem »Eine-Welt-Gericht«, einer »Eine-Welt-Armee», »Eine-Welt-Medien« etc. alles zu kon­trol­lieren.“[18]

Here is the translation:

»IS A poli­tical move­ment that seeks to con­trol the world eco­nomy, dic­tate its deve­lo­p­ment and usurp and redis­tri­bute the world’s wealth at the national, state and local levels. This pro­cess pro­hi­bits the use of land and raw mate­rials by its inha­bi­tants and plans a cen­tra­lised eco­nomy, while con­trol­ling the eco­nomy, logistics, food pro­duc­tion, water extrac­tion, and the growth, size and living space of the popu­la­tion. In short, Agenda 21 is one of several plans desi­gned to create a coali­tion of governments, cor­po­ra­tions and non-govern­mental orga­ni­sa­tions (NGOs) under the aus­pices of the United Nations (UN). In order to gain total con­trol over all human acti­vi­ties and goods in the world, this system of global government will con­trol ever­ything through a com­po­site of a »One World Court«, a »One World Army«, »One World Media«, etc.«

Mpango and Mag­u­fuli against corruption

The World Bank also has very close ties to GAVI, the Global Vac­cine Alli­ance[19]. In 2022, Tan­za­nian Vice Pre­si­dent Mpango was appointed to speak at the World Eco­nomic Forum on »Aver­ting a Global Food Crisis«[20]. He was appointed while Pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli was still in office and, like the deceased, is sup­posed to work to fight corruption:

»Mpango, 63, told law­ma­kers before they voted on his nomi­na­tion that he will con­tinue to imple­ment flagship infra­st­ruc­ture pro­jects, inclu­ding a new stan­dard gauge railway and roads, and fight cor­rup­tion.”[21]

The Minister of Agri­cul­ture, Hus­sein Mohamed Bashe, in addi­tion to his par­ti­ci­pa­tion at the WEF Forum in Davos, is known for his links to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foun­da­tion, which is fun­ding the BASICS-II pro­ject to give far­mers access to new varie­ties of cas­sava[22].

Demo­cratic hopes fulfilled?

After »Mama Samia« was initi­ally per­ceived in the West as a great hope for a com­ple­tely dif­fe­rent poli­tical course, there was harsh cri­ti­cism and doubts about her demo­cratic inten­tions after only one year in office. The »Neue Züri­cher Zei­tung«, among others, wrote as follows:

»Sie hat nach und nach poten­zi­elle Rivalen unter den Minis­tern durch Loya­listen aus­ge­tauscht. Im Februar erzwang sie die Abset­zung des ein­fluss­rei­chen Par­la­ments­vor­sit­zenden und liess ihn durch eine Ver­bün­dete ersetzen. Sie ent­le­digte sich so auch eines poten­zi­ellen Rivalen für die nächste Wahl 2025. Inzwi­schen zwei­felt kaum noch jemand, dass die Prä­si­dentin sicher im Sattel sitzt.“ [23]

Here is the translation:

»She has gra­du­ally replaced poten­tial rivals among minis­ters with loya­lists. In February, she forced the removal of the influ­en­tial par­lia­men­tary leader and had him replaced by an ally. She also got rid of a poten­tial rival for the next elec­tion in 2025. By now, hardly anyone doubts that the pre­si­dent is safely in the saddle.« 

According to the BBC, the media cen­sor­ship laws that existed before she took office[24], [25]  have not been removed under the new president: 

»Like­wise, while bans on several media out­lets have been lifted, the 2016 Media Ser­vices Act, the 2018 Online Con­tent Regu­la­tions and the 2015 Cybercrimes Act that enhanced cen­sor­ship and threa­tened indi­vi­duals and media com­pa­nies with sanc­tions such as sus­pen­sion and clo­sure of out­lets are still in force.“[26]

Pre­si­dent as a new reality?

From con­ver­sa­tions with Tan­za­nian citi­zens, it is known that for a long time many Tan­za­nians did not want to under­stand that they would now be ruled by a woman. This is espe­cially true for the Maasai tribe, which is very nume­rous around Arusha and where it is quite common for a man to have several wives[27]. One Tan­za­nian men­tioned posi­tively that Suluhu could be openly cri­ti­cised on Twitter. This was not advi­s­able with her pre­de­cessor. On the whole, however, cri­ti­cism of her is also asso­ciated with risks. One inter­lo­cutor said that even open cri­ti­cism of the WHO in Tan­zania could be dan­ge­rous under cer­tain circumstances.

Expul­sion of Maasai from Ngorongoro meets resistance

While Magufuli’s name still arouses enthu­siasm among many Tan­za­nians, the sym­pathy of Tan­za­nians sur­veyed in April and May 2022 in and around Arusha for the new pre­si­dent seems to be under­cooled at best. It is hardly sur­pri­sing if many Maasai are not very enthu­si­astic about the fact that they are to leave the Ngorongoro National Park as their pre­vious home and are to be resettled at the request of the government. The new pre­si­dent is quoted as saying that the number of people in the reserve has become too large and that she fears for the park’s sur­vival[28].

„As debate rages about the pos­sible evic­tion of the Maasai, Prime Minister Kassim Maja­liwa has pro­posed a vol­un­tary relo­ca­tion scheme to Han­deni district where the government has allo­cated 162,000 hec­tares (400,000 acres) for the pas­to­ra­lists.“[29]

One is reminded of the resett­le­ment of the Indians in North Ame­rica at that time. Some Maasai are quoted as saying that they believe the government is pur­suing its own eco­nomic inte­rests in the resett­le­ment, for example in order to collect boun­ties[30].


[1] reu­ters »Tan­zania arrests 4 people for repor­ting that pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli is ill” on »zim​live​.com” from 15.03.2021 at 9:31 p. m.. Avail­able at https://​www​.zim​live​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​3​/​1​5​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​a​r​r​e​s​t​s​-​4​-​p​e​o​p​l​e​-​f​o​r​-​r​e​p​o​r​t​i​n​g​-​t​h​a​t​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​i​s​-​i​ll/, last accessed on 11.05.2022.

[2] See also »Samia Suluhu Hassan“ on »wiki​pedia​.org“. Avail­able on https://​de​.wiki​pedia​.org/​w​i​k​i​/​S​a​m​i​a​_​S​u​l​u​h​u​_​H​a​s​san, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

[3] »Meet Tanzania’s first female Vice Pre­si­dent, Samia Suluhu Hassan” on »risin​gaf​rica​.com” from 14.12.2021. Avail­able on https://​www​.risin​gaf​rica​.org/​s​u​c​c​e​s​s​-​s​t​o​r​i​e​s​/​m​e​e​t​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​s​-​f​i​r​s​t​-​f​e​m​a​l​e​-​v​i​c​e​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​s​a​m​i​a​-​s​u​l​u​h​u​-​h​a​s​s​an/, last accessed on 14.05.2022.

[4] Monique Atou­guia »Elsie Kanza made an Ambassador for Tan­zania by Pre­si­dent Samia Suluhu Hassan” on »alin​sti​tute​.org” from 24.05.2021. Avail­able at https://​alin​sti​tute​.org/​n​e​w​s​/​e​l​s​i​e​-​k​a​n​z​a​-​m​a​d​e​-​a​n​-​a​m​b​a​s​s​a​d​o​r​-​f​o​r​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​b​y​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​s​a​m​i​a​-​s​u​l​u​h​u​-​h​a​s​san, last accessed at 14.05.2022.

[5] »Neue Prä­si­dentin von Tan­sania Mit­glied des WEF“ on »neo​presse​.com“ from 22.03.2021. Avail­able at https://​www​.neo​presse​.com/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​n​e​u​e​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​i​n​-​v​o​n​-​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​m​i​t​g​l​i​e​d​-​d​e​s​-​w​ef/, last accessed on 11.05.2022.

[6] »Neue Prä­si­dentin Tan­sa­nias ist Mit­glied im World Eco­nomic Forum“ at »unser​-mit​tel​eu​ropa​.com“ from 19.03.2021. Avail­able at https://​unser​-mit​tel​eu​ropa​.com/​n​e​u​e​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​i​n​-​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​s​-​i​s​t​-​m​i​t​g​l​i​e​d​-​i​m​-​w​o​r​l​d​-​e​c​o​n​o​m​i​c​-​f​o​r​um/, last accessed on 14.05.2022.

[7] »Fact Check-Tanzania’s new Pre­si­dent Samia Suluhu Hassan does not work for the World Eco­nomic Forum”   on »reu​ters​.com” from 01.04.2021 at 8:44 p. m.. Avail­able at https://​www​.reu​ters​.com/​a​r​t​i​c​l​e​/​f​a​c​t​c​h​e​c​k​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​i​d​U​S​L​1​N​2​L​U​251, last accessed on 14.05.2022.

[8] »Samia Suluhu Hassan“ on »weforum​.org“. Avail­able at https://​www​.weforum​.org/​p​e​o​p​l​e​/​s​a​m​i​a​-​s​u​l​u​h​u​-​h​a​s​san, last accessed on 11.05.2022.

[9] »Fact Check-Tanzania’s new Pre­si­dent Samia Suluhu Hassan does not work for the World Eco­nomic Forum”   on »reu​ters​.com” from 01.04.2021 at 8:44 p. m.. Avail­able at https://​www​.reu​ters​.com/​a​r​t​i​c​l​e​/​f​a​c​t​c​h​e​c​k​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​i​d​U​S​L​1​N​2​L​U​251, last accessed on 14.05.2022.

[10] Muhidin Issa Michuzi »MEDIA ALERT ON THE 20TH WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM ON AFRICA” on “issa​mi​chuzi​.blog​spot​.com” from 01.04.2010. Avail­able at https://​issa​mi​chuzi​.blog​spot​.com/​2​0​1​0​/​0​4​/​m​e​d​i​a​-​a​l​e​r​t​-​o​n​-​2​0​t​h​-​w​o​r​l​d​-​e​c​o​n​o​m​i​c​.​h​tml#, last accessed on 23.05.2022.

[11] »World Eco­nomic Forum Annual Mee­ting” on »www3​.weforum​.org” from 18.05.2022. Avail­able at https://​www3​.weforum​.org/​d​o​c​s​/​W​E​F​_​A​M​2​2​_​L​i​s​t​_​o​f​_​c​o​n​f​i​r​m​e​d​_​P​F​s​.​pdf, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[12] See Fon Mathuros Chan­t­anay­in­gyong and Ceri Parker »Who’s coming to Davos 2019?“ on »weforum​.org“ from 15.01.2019.Available at https://​www​.weforum​.org/​a​g​e​n​d​a​/​2​0​1​9​/​0​1​/​e​v​e​r​y​t​h​i​n​g​-​y​o​u​-​n​e​e​d​-​t​o​-​k​n​o​w​-​a​b​o​u​t​-​d​a​v​o​s​-​2​0​19/, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[13] See David Yan­ofsky »The con­fi­den­tial list of ever­yone atten­ding the 2020 World Eco­nomic Forum in Davos” on »qz​.com” from 21.01.2020. Avail­able athttps://qz.com/1787763/the-list-of-delegates-to-the-2020-world-economic-forum-in-davos/, last accessed on 21.05.2022

[14] See Georg Schmitt »Who’s who at Davos Agenda Week 2021“ on »weforum​.org“ from 23.01.2021. Avail­able at https://​www​.weforum​.org/​a​g​e​n​d​a​/​2​0​2​1​/​0​1​/​w​h​o​s​-​w​h​o​-​d​a​v​o​s​-​a​g​e​n​da/, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[15] »Bio­graphy” on »afdb​.org”, S. 67. Avail­able at https://​www​.afdb​.org/​f​i​l​e​a​d​m​i​n​/​u​p​l​o​a​d​s​/​a​f​d​b​/​D​o​c​u​m​e​n​t​s​/​A​M​/​2​0​1​7​A​M​/​A​M​2​0​1​7​_​b​i​o​g​r​a​p​h​y​.​pdf, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[16] About sus­tainable deve­lo­p­ment see e.g. »Tan­zania com­mitted to sup­port the UN Sus­tainable Deve­lo­p­ment Coö­pe­ra­tion Frame­work” on »tan​zania​.un​.org” from 18.05.2022. Avail­able at https://tanzania.un.org/en/182456-tanzania-committed-support-un-sustainable-development-coöperation-framework, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[17] Eileen DeRolf and Jan van Hel­sing »Wir töten die halbe Mensch­heit  — und es wird schnell gehen! Der Plan der Élite, »min­der­wer­tige Völker« über Krank­heiten und Seu­chen los­zu­werden. Der Rest erlebt die grün-sozia­lis­ti­sche Neue Welt­ord­nung!“ Fich­tenau (ama­deus), 6th edi­tion, 2022, p. 59: »2015: Am 27. Sep­tember ver­ab­schiedet Prä­si­dent Obama die Agenda 2030 für Nach­hal­tige Ent­wick­lung, die von nun an die Agenda 21 für die nächsten 15 Jahre ablösen wird und den wei­teren Weg bei der Umset­zung ihrer Ziele diktiert.“

[18] Eileen DeRolf »Agenda 21 – Eine Ein­füh­rung in zehn Teilen von Eileen DeRolf“ in Eileen DeRolf und Jan van Hel­sing »Wir töten die halbe Mensch­heit  — und es wird schnell gehen! Der Plan der Élite, »min­der­wer­tige Völker« über Krank­heiten und Seu­chen los­zu­werden. Der Rest erlebt die grün-sozia­lis­ti­sche Neue Welt­ord­nung!“ Fich­tenau (ama­deus), 6th edi­tion, 2022, p. 49

[19] See Thomas Röper »Inside Corona“. Geln­hausen Hailer (J.K. Fischer), 2nd edi­tion, 02.2022, pp. 162–164.

[20] »World Eco­nomic Forum Annual Mee­ting Preli­mi­nary Pro­gramme“ on »weforum​.org“. Avail­able at https://​www3​.weforum​.org/​d​o​c​s​/​W​E​F​_​A​M​2​2​_​P​r​o​g​r​a​m​m​e​.​pdf, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[21] Bloom­berg »Tan­zania Pre­si­dent Names Finance Minister Mpango as Deputy“ on »bqprime​.org“ from  30.03.2021 at 1:37 p m., last accessed on 31.03.2021 at 1:31 p. m.. Avail­able at https://​www​.bqprime​.com/​p​o​l​i​t​i​c​s​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​n​a​m​e​s​-​f​i​n​a​n​c​e​-​m​i​n​i​s​t​e​r​-​m​p​a​n​g​o​-​a​s​-​h​e​r​-​d​e​p​uty, last accessed on 21.05.2022: «

[22] »Tan­zania Calls on IITA for Agri­cul­tural Deve­lo­p­ment” on »the​f​ar​mer​s​ma​nual​.com” from  09.03.2022. Avail­able at https://​the​f​ar​mer​s​ma​nual​.com/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​c​a​l​l​s​-​o​n​-​i​i​t​a​-​f​o​r​-​a​g​r​i​c​u​l​t​u​r​a​l​-​d​e​v​e​l​o​p​m​e​nt/, last accessed on 21.05.2022.

[23] See e. g. Samuel Mis­teli »Afrikas mäch­tigste Poli­ti­kerin ist ein Jahr im Amt und wird gefeiert. Zu Recht?“ on »nzz​.ch“ from 23.03.2022 at 05:30 a. m. Avail­able at https://​www​.nzz​.ch/​i​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​/​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​w​i​r​d​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​i​n​-​s​a​m​i​a​-​s​u​l​u​h​u​-​z​u​-​r​e​c​h​t​-​g​e​f​e​i​e​r​t​-​l​d​.​1​6​7​5​521, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

[24] See e. g.  Mohammed Khelef »Kom­mentar: Tan­sania macht die Mei­nungs­frei­heit mundtot“ on »dw​.com“ from 12.08.2020. Avail­able at https://www.dw.com/de/kommentar-tansania-macht-die-meinungsfreiheit-mundtot/a‑54533748, last accessed on 13.05.2022.

[25] Johannes Die­te­rich »Gefängnis für Corona-Berichte“ on »fr​.de“ from 20.04.2021 at 5:29 p. m.. Avail­able at https://​www​.fr​.de/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​g​e​f​a​e​n​g​n​i​s​-​f​u​e​r​-​c​o​r​o​n​a​-​b​e​r​i​c​h​t​e​-​9​0​4​6​7​9​6​2​.​h​tml, last accessed on 13.05.2022.

[26] »Tan­zania view­point: What Pre­si­dent Samia has achieved in her first year” on »bbc​.com” from 19.03.2022. Avail­able at https://​www​.bbc​.com/​n​e​w​s​/​w​o​r​l​d​-​a​f​r​i​c​a​-​6​0​7​6​5​848, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

[27] „WOMEN IN MAASAI SOCIETY“ on »explo​ring​-africa​.com“. Avail­able at https://​www​.explo​ring​-africa​.com/​e​n​/​k​e​n​y​a​/​m​a​a​s​a​i​-​p​e​o​p​l​e​/​w​o​m​e​n​-​m​a​a​s​a​i​-​s​o​c​i​ety, last accessed on 14.05.2022.

[28] »Tan­zania Maasai torn over pos­sible evic­tion from Ngorongoro reserve“ on „fran​ce24​.com“ from 18.03.2022 at 09:12 a. m. Avail­able at https://​www​.fran​ce24​.com/​e​n​/​l​i​v​e​-​n​e​w​s​/​2​0​2​2​0​3​1​8​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​m​a​a​s​a​i​-​t​o​r​n​-​o​v​e​r​-​p​o​s​s​i​b​l​e​-​e​v​i​c​t​i​o​n​-​f​r​o​m​-​n​g​o​r​o​n​g​o​r​o​-​r​e​s​e​rve, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

[29] »Tan­zania Maasai torn over pos­sible evic­tion from Ngorongoro reserve“ on »fran​ce24​.com“ from 18.03.2022 um 09:12 a.m. Avail­able at https://​www​.fran​ce24​.com/​e​n​/​l​i​v​e​-​n​e​w​s​/​2​0​2​2​0​3​1​8​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​m​a​a​s​a​i​-​t​o​r​n​-​o​v​e​r​-​p​o​s​s​i​b​l​e​-​e​v​i​c​t​i​o​n​-​f​r​o​m​-​n​g​o​r​o​n​g​o​r​o​-​r​e​s​e​rve, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

[30] »Tan­zania Maasai torn over pos­sible evic­tion from Ngorongoro reserve“ on »fran​ce24​.com“ from 18.03.2022 at 09:12 a. m. Avail­able at https://​www​.fran​ce24​.com/​e​n​/​l​i​v​e​-​n​e​w​s​/​2​0​2​2​0​3​1​8​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​m​a​a​s​a​i​-​t​o​r​n​-​o​v​e​r​-​p​o​s​s​i​b​l​e​-​e​v​i​c​t​i​o​n​-​f​r​o​m​-​n​g​o​r​o​n​g​o​r​o​-​r​e​s​e​rve, last accessed on 12.05.2022.

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