Tan­zania Part 1: A »bull­dozer« with few sym­pa­thies in the West

Tan­zania is a country in East Africa and the fifth lar­gest country in Africa in terms of popu­la­tion and about 2.5 times the size of the Federal Repu­blic of Ger­many in terms of area.

On 17 March 2021[1],the country’s pre­vious pre­si­dent, Dr John Pombe Mag­u­fuli[2], a former che­mi­stry tea­cher[3], died unex­pec­tedly. He was replaced by the then Vice-Pre­si­dent and now Acting Pre­si­dent of the country, Ms Samia Suluhu Hassan[4], who was born in 1960.

Dr Mag­u­fuli was first elected Pre­si­dent of Tan­zania on 25 October 2015, having held various minis­te­rial posts since 1995. Since he repeatedly pushed road con­struc­tion pro­jects throughout the country and was also very uncom­pro­mi­sing in achie­ving his goals, he soon received the nick­name »tinga­tinga«[5]  (Kis­hua­heli: »bull­dozer«).

Pos­sible rea­sons for Magufuli’s elec­tion as president

Elec­tion obser­vers at the time are said to have often inter­preted Dr Mag­u­fuli as a »com­pro­mise can­di­date« to Edward Lowassa (Prime Minister in Tan­zania from 2005 to 2008) and Ber­nard Membe (For­eign Minister of Tan­zania from 2007 to 2015). According to this inter­pre­ta­tion, various cir­cum­s­tances can also be inter­preted to mean that Dr Mag­u­fuli was the intended can­di­date of the CCM party (Chama cha Mapin­duzi). “The Citizen”, for example, gives the fol­lowing rea­sons for this:

„Firstly, he had con­cealed his pre­si­den­tial ambi­tions and so he evaded media scru­tiny and muds­lin­ging from rival camps within the party. This left his image intact.

Secondly, he was “neu­tral.” He did not have “camps” or net­works (mit­andao) that have been so divi­sive and threa­tened the unity of CCM in the past decade.

Thirdly, his long nur­tured anti-cor­rup­tion image would suit CCM better at the time when the party’s image had been spoilt by cor­rup­tion. [6]

A Tan­za­nian infor­mant with close ties to poli­tics there expresses a dif­fe­rent assessment:

“Mag­u­fuli was indeed already popular, but i wouldn’t say he was the anno­inted one. Every indi­ca­tion was that the anti-Lowassa estab­lish­ment was going to go with Mr. Membe, the former for­eign minister. And the EU and US were strongly behind Membe.  Mag­u­fuli became the pre­ferred com­pro­mise because of his per­cieved »neu­tra­lity«, when it was clear that the Lowasa camp would not give up without a fight.”

Of goats, papayas and motor oil

Dr Mag­u­fuli is revered by many people in Tan­zania to this day. In the West, he was best known for his oppo­si­tion to lock­downs and other corona mea­sures[7]. He attracted the atten­tion of a wider public with a press con­fe­rence in May 2020 in which he raised clear doubts about the relia­bi­lity of PCR tests used world­wide to detect the corona virus[8]:

„So schickte er Abstriche von Motoröl, einer Papaya, einer Ziege und ver­schie­denen anderen Dingen unter aus­ge­dachten Deck­namen in ein staat­li­ches Labor, das die WHO-Tests verwendet.

Die Ergeb­nisse: Motoröl wurde negativ getestet, die Papaya, eine Ziege und ein Kware-Vogel positiv. Bei einer Jack­frucht war der Test »unein­deutig«. Ein ähn­li­ches Ergebnis brachte die Prü­fung eines Kanin­chens, »unbe­stimmt« hieß es in diesem Fall aus dem Labor.“[9]

Here the trans­la­tion with the free ver­sion of DeepL​.com:

»So he sent swabs of motor oil, a papaya, a goat and various other things under made-up aliases to a government labo­ra­tory that uses the WHO tests.

The results: Motor oil tested nega­tive, the papaya, a goat and a kware bird tested posi­tive. For a jack­f­ruit, the test was »incon­clu­sive«. A similar result came from tes­ting a rabbit, »inde­ter­mi­nate« was the word from the lab in this case.«

As a result, the head of the national labo­ra­tory had been sus­pended from her duties by Dr Mag­u­fuli[10].

https://t.me/Medienzensur/518

PCR tests do not detect infec­tion or infectivity

That Dr. Mag­u­fuli was cor­rect in his assess­ment of the PCR tests is shown, among other things, by various court decisions from abroad:

  • Por­tugal (Lisbon Court of Appeal, Tri­bunal da Relação de Lisboa, Az. Proc. Nº 1783⁄20. 7T8PDL.L1[11]),
  • Aus­tria (Vienna Admi­nis­tra­tive Court, decision of 24.03.2021, case number: VGW-103/048/3227/2021–2[12])
  • Ger­many (e.g. Weimar Local Court, decision of 08.04.2021, ref: 9 F 148⁄21[13]; OVG North Rhine-West­phalia, decision of 25.11.2020, ref: 13 B 1780 / 20​.NE[14]. Simi­larly, see also Saxon Higher Admi­nis­tra­tive Court, decision of 17.11.2020, ref. 3 B 351/20[15]).

In sum­mary, it was estab­lished in the con­text of the desi­gnated court cases that a PCR test can neither prove an infec­tion with Covid-19 nor infectivity:

„Ein PCR-Tests prüft auf das Vor­han­den­sein von Erb­ma­te­rial eines Virus in einer Probe – und nicht darauf, ob tat­säch­lich eine Infek­tion vor­liegt. Der Test unter­scheidet nicht zwi­schen leben­digem bzw. aktivem und totem und somit inak­tivem Virus­ma­te­rial.“[16]

Here the trans­la­tion with the free ver­sion of DeepL​.com:

»A PCR test checks for the pre­sence of genetic mate­rial of a virus in a sample — and not whe­ther an infec­tion is actually pre­sent. The test does not dis­tin­guish bet­ween live or active viral mate­rial and dead and the­re­fore inac­tive viral material.”

Natural medi­cine rather than wes­tern gene injections

Dr Mag­u­fuli also attracted atten­tion with warnings to his com­pa­triots not to get vac­ci­nated against Covid-19 and, for instance, to rather resort to tra­di­tional reme­dies[17], [18]. Among other things, the former Tan­za­nian pre­si­dent was quoted as saying:

„You should stand firm. Vac­ci­na­tions are dan­ge­rous. If the white man was able to come up with vac­ci­na­tions, he should have found a vac­ci­na­tion for Aids by now; he would have found a vac­ci­na­tion of tuber­cu­losis by now; he would have found a vac­ci­na­tion for malaria by now; he would have found a vac­ci­na­tion for cancer by now” [19].

Dubious freedom of the press in Tanzania?

Dr Magufule’s refusal to go along with the Wes­tern Corona hype was met with incom­pre­hen­sion in the Wes­tern press:

„Im ver­gan­genen Jahr wurden meh­rere Zei­tungen vor­über­ge­hend geschlossen, dar­unter mit „Mwa­n­anchi“ auch die größte des Landes. Die Begrün­dung: Sie hatte über die Pan­demie berichtet, die es nach Auf­fas­sung des Prä­si­denten nicht gab. Denn Mag­u­fuli glaubte, den Virus weg­ge­betet zu haben. Im August erließ das Par­la­ment ein Gesetz, das der Presse ver­bietet, ohne Geneh­mi­gung über den Aus­bruch einer Infek­ti­ons­krank­heit zu berichten. Wer gegen das Gesetz ver­stößt, dem Droht ein Jahr Haft.“[20]

Here the trans­la­tion with the free ver­sion of DeepL​.com:

»Last year, several news­pa­pers were tem­pora­rily closed, inclu­ding »Mwa­n­anchi«, the lar­gest in the country. The reason given was that it had reported on the pan­demic, which, according to the pre­si­dent, did not exist. Mag­u­fuli believed that he had prayed the virus away. In August, par­lia­ment passed a law pro­hi­bi­ting the press from repor­ting on the out­break of an infec­tious disease without per­mis­sion. Those who vio­late the law face one year in prison.«

Of course, such a restric­tion on press freedom is no more demo­cratic than the exten­sive de facto exclu­sion of cri­tics of the Corona mea­sure from public dis­course in the Federal Repu­blic of Ger­many. Where was the outcry from German media repre­sen­ta­tives there when US Pre­si­dent Donald Trump’s Twitter account[21]was blo­cked? Where did we see the front pages of the major German dai­lies showing outrage over the cen­sor­ship of various chan­nels of »Quer­denken«[22] and other Corona mea­sures cri­tics by You­Tube and Face­book[23], [24], [25], [26], over the ban­ning of »Sputnik«[27] and »RT DE«[28], [29]  or the dele­tion of the AfD-party’s Tik-Tok channel[30]? Where was the outrage when the inter­na­tio­nally renowned German ENT-spe­cia­list Dr. Bodo Schiff­mann from Sins­heim in Ger­many first went on holiday to Arusha in Tan­zania and then emi­grated there because media agi­ta­tion and legally ques­tion­able house sear­ches[31], [32], [33], [34] made a normal life in Ger­many vir­tually impos­sible? Why is a pro-Rus­sian or Ukraine-cri­tical stance in the Ukraine crisis using the »Z« sign punis­hable in Ger­many with up to three years‹ impr­i­son­ment[35] with refe­rence to Sec­tion 140 of the Cri­minal Code as alleged approval of a war of aggres­sion? Where were com­pa­rable punish­ments for poli­ti­cians or citi­zens who approved an illegal war of aggres­sion on former Yugo­s­lavia[36] or Iraq[37]? Why are doc­tors and sci­en­tists like Prof. Dr. Sucharit Bhakdi or Dr. Bodo Schiff­mann in Ger­many, with the par­ti­ci­pa­tion of the media, having their repu­ta­tions actively des­troyed or even being legally per­se­cuted with dubious argu­ments[38]? How can it be that Dr. Daniel Lang­hans is simply pre­vented from spea­king by the police during his speech at the major demons­tra­tion in Hanover on 14.05.2022? Lang­hans wore a heart T‑shirt on stage with the colours of the flags of Russia and Ukraine and stood for the recon­ci­lia­tion of the two war­ring par­ties[39]. In the spirit of freedom of expres­sion, is it no longer allowed to pro­mote recon­ci­lia­tion ins­tead of wan­ting to end a war? Those who publicly cri­ti­cise the lack of press freedom and freedom of expres­sion in Tan­zania should also publicly cri­ti­cise their own system.

Suc­cessful against corruption

In autumn 2015, Dr Mag­u­fuli, repre­sen­ting the CCM party, won with 58% of the vote against his oppo­nent Edward Lowassa, who got 40% of the vote[40], [41].  Right at the begin­ning of his term in office, he suc­cess­fully cam­pai­gned against cor­rup­tion[42]. He also showed himself to be a doer in other respects:

„On his first day in charge, Mag­u­fuli signalled the end of busi­ness as usual with a sur­prise visit to the finance ministry, where he berated civil ser­vants who were not at their desks. Since then, he has can­celled lavish inde­pen­dence day cele­bra­tions to free up funds to fight a cho­lera out­break; slashed the budget for a state dinner to cele­brate the ope­ning of par­lia­ment, using the money to buy hos­pital beds; and  for all government offi­cials except the pre­si­dent, vice-pre­si­dent and prime minister.“[43]

In 2020, Mag­u­fuli had been re-elected with 84% of the vote. The main oppo­sing can­di­date obtained just 13% of the vote. At the time, the press reported alle­ga­tions of pos­sible elec­toral fraud, even though the elec­tion result was reco­gnised by the great mass of the popu­la­tion. [44] This seems com­pa­rable to the sub­stan­tiated alle­ga­tions of pos­sible elec­toral fraud in favour of Joe Biden in the USA.

Two sides of the same coin

Mag­u­fuli showed himself to be a mover and shaker during his time in power, but he was not without con­tro­versy. One Tan­za­nian described him to the author as a »dic­tator who pre­vented demo­cracy and sup­pressed his cri­tics«.

„Dabei war es dem ver­stor­benen Prä­si­denten Mag­u­fuli und seiner Politik zu ver­danken, dass Tan­sania zu einem pro­spe­rie­renden Mit­tel­stand­land in Afrika wurde. Er lehnte Mil­li­ar­den­kre­dite aus China ebenso ab, wie Bestechungs­gelder aus der EU. Er machte keine Staats­be­suche außer­halb Afrikas und ver­klei­nerte sein poli­ti­sches Kabi­nett, dem er eben­falls Aus­lands­reisen unter­sagte und ihm zudem Steu­er­erleich­te­rungen strich.“[45]

Here is the trans­la­tion with the free ver­sion of DeepL​.com:

»Yet it was thanks to the late Pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli and his poli­cies that Tan­zania became a pro­spe­rous middle class country in Africa. He rejected loans worth bil­lions from China as well as bribes from the EU. He made no state visits out­side Africa and reduced the size of his poli­tical cabinet, which he also banned from for­eign travel and also cut tax breaks.«

The »Ber­liner Mis­si­ons­werk« describes Mag­u­fuli as very ambi­va­lent in an article that is overall very tendentious:

„Prä­si­dent John Mag­u­fuli herrschte sehr umstritten. Einer­seits schaffte er es, Kor­rup­tion erfolg­reich zu bekämpfen, Groß­pro­jekte vor­an­zu­treiben und den Staats­ap­parat zu ent­schla­cken. Ande­rer­seits erwarb er sich binnen kurzer Zeit den Ruf eines Machers, eines „Bull­do­zers«, wie er in Tan­sania genannt wurde. Er verbat sich jeg­liche Kritik an seinem Füh­rungs­stil, sperrte Oppo­si­ti­ons­po­li­tiker ein, behin­derte groß­flä­chig mit seiner Partei die Wahlen, zen­sierte die Medien, demü­tigte Anders­den­kende.“[46]

Here is the trans­la­tion with the free ver­sion of DeepL​.com:

»Pre­si­dent John Mag­u­fuli ruled very con­tro­ver­si­ally. On the one hand, he managed to suc­cess­fully fight cor­rup­tion, push ahead with major pro­jects and stream­line the state appa­ratus. On the other hand, he quickly acquired the repu­ta­tion of a doer, a »bull­dozer«, as he was called in Tan­zania. He for­bade any cri­ti­cism of his lea­dership style, impr­i­soned oppo­si­tion poli­ti­cians, obst­ructed elec­tions on a large scale with his party, cen­sored the media, humi­liated dissenters.”

Other media also described Mag­u­fuli as a doer who enjoyed great venera­tion among the people, but nevertheless clearly pola­rised and did not exactly handle poli­tical enemies with kid gloves[47]. This is con­sis­tent with the accounts of Mag­u­fuli from May 2022, which, in addi­tion to his great impor­t­ance for Tan­zania in a posi­tive sense, also men­tioned that poli­tical oppon­ents some­times had to fear for their lives. However, Tan­za­nians repeatedly empha­sised that he had pro­tected them from vac­ci­na­tion and other corona mea­sures. The mere men­tion of his name evoked enthu­siasm among many Tan­za­nians. Thus, Mag­u­fuli remains unf­or­gotten to this day.

The German ori­ginal copy of this text can be found here, ano­ther article about the situa­tion in Africa here.


[1] „John Mag­u­fuli. Tan­sa­nias Prä­si­dent gestorben“ on „zdf​.de“ from 17.03.2021 at 10:38 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.zdf​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​p​a​n​o​r​a​m​a​/​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​o​t​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[2] „John Mag­u­fuli. Tan­sa­nias Prä­si­dent gestorben“ on „zdf​.de“ from 17.03.2021 at 10:38 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.zdf​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​p​a​n​o​r​a​m​a​/​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​o​t​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[3] reu­ters „Tan­zania arrests 4 people for repor­ting that pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli is ill” at „zim​live​.com” from 15.03.2021 at 9:31 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.zim​live​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​3​/​1​5​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​a​r​r​e​s​t​s​-​4​-​p​e​o​p​l​e​-​f​o​r​-​r​e​p​o​r​t​i​n​g​-​t​h​a​t​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​i​s​-​i​ll/, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[4] reu­ters „Tan­zania arrests 4 people for repor­ting that pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli is ill” at „zim​live​.com” from 15.03.2021 at 9:31 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.zim​live​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​3​/​1​5​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​a​r​r​e​s​t​s​-​4​-​p​e​o​p​l​e​-​f​o​r​-​r​e​p​o​r​t​i​n​g​-​t​h​a​t​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​i​s​-​i​ll/, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[5] See e. g.  Dotto Kwi­lasa „MAMBO KUMI YALIYOTIKISA KUAGWA KWA HAYATI DKT. MAGUFULI“ at „dodo​ma​newz​.blog​spot​.com“ from 27.03.2021. Avail­able under https://​dodo​ma​newz​.blog​spot​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​3​/​m​a​m​b​o​-​k​u​m​i​-​y​a​l​i​y​o​t​i​k​i​s​a​-​k​u​a​g​w​a​-​k​w​a​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 25.05.2022.

[6] „Was Mag­u­fuli CCM’s best kept secret?” at „the​ci​tizen​.co​.tz” from 04.11.2015. Avail­able under https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/tanzania/magazines/political-reforms/was-magufuli-ccm-s-best-kept-secret–2537350, last time looked up at 25.05.2022

[7] See e. g. „It’s time for Africa to rein in Tanzania’s anti-vaxxer pre­si­dent” auf „the​guar​dian​.com” from 08.02.2021 at 08:30 a.m. Avail­able under https://​amp​.the​guar​dian​.com/​g​l​o​b​a​l​-​d​e​v​e​l​o​p​m​e​n​t​/​2​0​2​1​/​f​e​b​/​0​8​/​i​t​s​-​t​i​m​e​-​f​o​r​-​a​f​r​i​c​a​-​t​o​-​r​e​i​n​-​i​n​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​s​-​a​n​t​i​-​v​a​x​x​e​r​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​ent, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[8] A German dubbed video can be found at: „Das darfst du nicht sehen! In You­Tube gelöschte sowie in Face­book gesperrte Videos- Mei­nungs­frei­heit hier Art. 5 Grund­ge­setz „‼️Von You­tube ohne Vor­war­nung gelöscht!!!“  on t.me. Avail­able under https://t.me/Medienzensur/518, last time looked up at 12.05.2022.

[9] „POLITIKER SCHICKT OBST UND MOTORÖL ZUM CORONA-TEST, DIE ERGEBNISSE ÜBERRASCHEN!“ at „tag24​.de“ from 09.05.2020 at 11:11 a.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.tag24​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​i​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​e​r​-​i​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​e​r​-​s​c​h​i​c​k​t​e​-​o​b​s​t​-​u​n​d​-​m​o​t​o​r​o​e​l​-​z​u​m​-​c​o​r​o​n​a​-​t​e​s​t​-​d​i​e​-​e​r​g​e​b​n​i​s​s​e​-​u​e​b​e​r​r​a​s​c​h​e​n​-​1​5​1​0​787, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[10] n‑tv.de „Papaya positiv auf Corona getestet? Tan­sania kri­ti­siert WHO“ at „n‑tv.“de from 07.05.2020 at 4:55 p.m.. Avail­able under https://www.n‑tv.de/der_tag/Papaya-positiv-auf-Corona-getestet-Tansania-kritisiert-WHO-article21766364.html, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[11] Avail­able under https://crlisboa.org/wp/juris/processo-n-o1783-20–7t8pdl-l1‑3/, last time looked up at 30.10.2021. Look up the fol­lowing quote: „Face à actual evi­dência cien­tí­fica, esse teste mostra-se, só por si, incapaz de deter­minar, sem margem de dúvida razoável, que tal posi­ti­vidade cor­re­sponde, de facto, à infecção de uma pessoa pelo vírus SARS-CoV‑2, por várias razões, das quais desta­camos duas (a que acresce a questão do gold stan­dard que, pela sua espe­ci­fi­cidade, nem sequer aborda­remos) […]“. Here is the trans­la­tion:  „Given the cur­rent sci­en­tific evi­dence, this test alone proves inca­pable of deter­mi­ning beyond rea­son­able doubt that such posi­ti­vity in fact cor­re­sponds to a person being infected by the SARS-CoV‑2 virus, for various rea­sons, of which we hight­light two (in addi­tion to the issue of the gold stan­dard which, given its spe­ci­fi­city, we will not even go ito) [….]”

[12] Avail­able under http://www.verwaltungsgericht.wien.gv.at/Content.Node/rechtsprechung/103–048-3227–2021.pdf, last time looked up at 30.10.2021. See espe­cially the fol­lowing quote: „Mutatis mutandis sagt er damit, dass ein PCR-Test nicht zur Dia­gnostik geeignet ist und daher für sich alleine nichts zur Krank­heit oder einer Infek­tion eines Men­schen aus­sagt. […] Laut einer Studie aus dem Jahr 2020 (Bullard, J., Dust, K., Funk, D., Strong, J. E., Alex­ander, D., Gar­nett, L., … & Poli­quin, G. (2020). Pre­dic­ting infec­tious severe acute respi­ra­tory syn­drome coro­na­virus 2 from dia­gnostic sam­ples. Cli­nical Infec­tious Dise­ases, 71(10), 2663–2666.) ist bei CT-Werten größer als 24 kein ver­meh­rungs­fä­higer Virus mehr nach­weisbar und ein PCR Test nicht dazu geeignet, die Infek­tio­sität zu bestimmen.“ Here is the trans­la­tion: “Mutatis mutandis, he is saying that a PCR test is not sui­table for dia­gnosis and the­re­fore does not in itself say anything about a person’s disease or infec­tion. […] According to a 2020 study (Bullard, J., Dust, K., Funk, D., Strong, J. E., Alex­ander, D., Gar­nett, L., … & Poli­quin, G. (2020). Pre­dic­ting infec­tious severe acute respi­ra­tory syn­drome coro­na­virus 2 from dia­gnostic sam­ples. Cli­nical Infec­tious Dise­ases, 71(10), 2663–2666.) no repli­cable virus is detec­table at CT values greater than 24 and a PCR assay is not sui­table for deter­mi­ning infectivity.«

[13] Avail­able under https://​openjur​.de/​u​/​2​3​3​4​6​3​9​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 30.10.2021. See here the folowing quote: „Zur Tes­tung asym­pto­ma­ti­scher Men­schen anhand eines Nasen-Rachen­ab­strichs, wie er mas­sen­weise unkri­tisch und über­wie­gend von nicht-medi­zi­ni­schen Per­sonal OHNE (hierbei ent­schei­dend: ent­gegen der WHO-For­de­rung!) Ana­mnese- und Sym­pto­m­erhe­bung bei den Getes­teten erfolgt, ist die ein­ge­setzte RT-qPCR nicht taug­lich, eine Infek­tion mit SARS-CoV‑2 zu erkennen. […] Wie die RT-PCR können auch Anti­gen­schnell­tests prin­zi­piell nicht nach­weisen, ob das gefun­dene Virus­an­tigen zu einem intakten, infek­tiösen Virus gehört oder ein Über­bleibsel (Bruch­stück) von Viren ist, welche durch das Immun­system abge­tötet wurden.“ Here is the trans­la­tion: “The RT-qPCR used to test asym­pto­matic people on the basis of a nasopha­ryn­geal swab, as is done uncri­ti­cally in large num­bers and pre­do­mi­nantly by non-medical staff WITHOUT (cru­cially here: con­trary to the WHO requi­re­ment!) taking ana­mnesis and sym­ptoms from those tested, is not sui­table for detec­ting infec­tion with SARS-CoV‑2. […] Like RT-PCR, rapid antigen tests cannot in principle detect whe­ther the viral antigen found belongs to an intact, infec­tious virus or is a rem­nant (frag­ment) of viruses that have been killed by the immune system.«”

[14]  Avail­able under https://​openjur​.de/​u​/​2​3​1​1​1​4​9​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 30.10.2021: „2. Der Antrag­steller weist zwar zutref­fend darauf hin, dass ein posi­tiver PCR-Test als sol­cher noch keine Infek­tio­sität im Ein­zel­fall belegt.

Siehe dazu etwa

https://​dgn​.org/​n​e​u​r​o​n​e​w​s​/​j​o​u​r​n​a​l​_​c​l​u​b​/​v​o​r​h​e​r​s​a​g​e​d​e​r​i​n​f​e​k​t​i​o​s​i​t​a​e​t​v​o​n​s​a​r​s​c​o​v​-​2​-​b​e​i​p​o​s​i​t​i​v​e​r​p​cr/, abge­rufen am 24. November 2020.“ Here is the trans­la­tion: »The app­li­cant cor­rectly points out that a posi­tive PCR test as such does not prove infec­ti­vity in an indi­vi­dual case.

See for instance.

https://​dgn​.org/​n​e​u​r​o​n​e​w​s​/​j​o​u​r​n​a​l​_​c​l​u​b​/​v​o​r​h​e​r​s​a​g​e​d​e​r​i​n​f​e​k​t​i​o​s​i​t​a​e​t​v​o​n​s​a​r​s​c​o​v​-​2​-​b​e​i​p​o​s​i​t​i​v​e​r​p​cr/, accessed 24 November 2020.« The internet refe­rence named in the decision can no longer be accessed.

[15] Avail­able under https://​www​.justiz​.sachsen​.de/​o​v​g​e​n​t​s​c​h​w​e​b​/​d​o​c​u​m​e​n​t​s​/​2​0​B​3​5​1​.​B​0​1​.​pdf, last time looked up at 30.10.2021. See here para­graph 41: „Soweit der Antrag­steller vor­trägt, dass ein posi­tiver PCR-Test keinen Schluss darauf zulasse, ob eine Infek­tion oder Krank­heit vor­liege, mag dies grund­sätz­lich zutreffen.“ Here is the trans­la­tion: »To the extent that the app­li­cant argues that a posi­tive PCR test does not allow a con­clu­sion to be drawn as to whe­ther an infec­tion or disease is pre­sent, this may be true in principle.«

[16] „Sinn­lose PCR-Tests: Aus­tra­li­sche Behörde gibt zwei Jahre Betrug am Volk zu“ auf „report24​.news“ from 18.05.2022. Avail­able under https://​report24​.news/​s​i​n​n​l​o​s​e​-​p​c​r​-​t​e​s​t​s​-​a​u​s​t​r​a​l​i​s​c​h​e​-​b​e​h​o​e​r​d​e​-​g​i​b​t​-​z​w​e​i​-​j​a​h​r​e​-​b​e​t​r​u​g​-​a​m​-​v​o​l​k​-​zu/, last time looked up at 22.05.2022.

[17] See e. g. afri­ca­news „Pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli warns Tan­za­nians against Covid-19 vac­cines” on „you​tube​.com” from 27.01.2021. Avail­able under https://​www​.you​tube​.com/​w​a​t​c​h​?​v​=​D​B​E​s​-​k​d​w​-ZY, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[18] Michael Oduor „Pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli warns Tan­za­nians against Covid-19 vac­cines” at „afri​ca​news​.com” from27.01.2021. Avail­able under https://​www​.afri​ca​news​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​1​/​2​7​/​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​w​a​r​n​s​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​n​s​-​a​g​a​i​n​s​t​-​c​o​v​i​d​-​1​9​-​v​a​c​c​i​n​es/, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[19] Michael Oduor „Pre­si­dent Mag­u­fuli warns Tan­za­nians against Covid-19 vac­cines” at „afri​ca​news​.com” from27.01.2021. Avail­able under https://​www​.afri​ca​news​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​1​/​2​7​/​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​w​a​r​n​s​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​n​s​-​a​g​a​i​n​s​t​-​c​o​v​i​d​-​1​9​-​v​a​c​c​i​n​es/, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[20] Johannes Die­te­rich „Gefängnis für Corona-Berichte“ at „fr​.de“ from 20.04.2021 at 5:29 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.fr​.de/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​g​e​f​a​e​n​g​n​i​s​-​f​u​e​r​-​c​o​r​o​n​a​-​b​e​r​i​c​h​t​e​-​9​0​4​6​7​9​6​2​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[21] „Twitter sperrt Trump »dau­er­haft«“ at „tages​schau​.de“ from 09.01.2021 at 04:52 a.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.tages​schau​.de/​a​u​s​l​a​n​d​/​a​m​e​r​i​k​a​/​t​w​i​t​t​e​r​-​s​p​e​r​r​t​-​t​r​u​m​p​-​1​0​1​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[22] Chris­toph Kehl­bach und Michael-Mat­thias Nord­hardt „150 Konten und Gruppen betroffen. Face­book geht gegen »Quer­denken« vor: Sind die Löschungen erlaubt?“  az „swr​.de“ from 17.09.2021 at 4:35 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.swr​.de/​s​w​r​a​k​t​u​e​l​l​/​b​a​d​e​n​-​w​u​e​r​t​t​e​m​b​e​r​g​/​f​a​q​-​f​a​c​e​b​o​o​k​-​l​o​e​s​c​h​t​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​n​-​k​a​n​a​e​l​e​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[23] Max Schäfer „#alles­auf­den­tisch: You­tube sperrt erneut Corona-Videos“ at „fr​.de“ from 14.10.2021 at 09:06 a.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.fr​.de/​p​a​n​o​r​a​m​a​/​v​o​l​k​e​r​-​b​r​u​c​h​-​y​o​u​t​u​b​e​-​c​o​r​o​n​a​-​v​i​d​e​o​s​-​g​e​l​o​e​s​c​h​t​-​a​l​l​e​s​a​u​f​d​e​n​t​i​s​c​h​-​p​a​n​d​e​m​i​e​-​k​r​i​t​i​k​-​z​r​-​9​1​0​4​4​7​7​9​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[24] Julia Jan­n­aschk „»Über soge­nannte soziale Medien wie Face­book und auch You­Tube werden Ver­schwö­rungs­my­then nor­ma­li­siert«: Experte kom­men­tiert Löschung der Quer­denker-Gruppen auf Face­book“ at „watson​.de“ from 17.09.2021 at 5:06 p. m. and 18.09.2021 at 12:21 a.m.. Avail­able under https://​www​.watson​.de/​l​e​b​e​n​/​a​n​a​l​y​s​e​/​9​5​1​1​3​0​0​0​7​-​e​x​p​e​r​t​e​-​k​o​m​m​e​n​t​i​e​r​t​-​l​o​e​s​c​h​u​n​g​-​d​e​r​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​r​-​g​r​u​p​p​e​n​-​a​u​f​-​f​a​c​e​b​ook, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[25] „BR24 Redak­tion Face­book löscht »Querdenken«-Kanäle als »schäd­li­ches Netz­werk«“ at „br​.de“ from 16.09.2021 at 8:45 p.m.. Avail­able under https://​www​.br​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​n​e​t​z​w​e​l​t​/​f​a​c​e​b​o​o​k​-​l​o​e​s​c​h​t​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​n​-​k​a​n​a​e​l​e​-​a​l​s​-​s​c​h​a​e​d​l​i​c​h​e​s​-​n​e​t​z​w​e​r​k​,​S​j​C​N​xCu, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[26] „Face­book löscht Kanäle und Gruppen der „Quer­denker““ at „tages​spiegel​.de“ from 17.09.2021 at 06:01 a.m.. Avail­able under https://​www​.tages​spiegel​.de/​g​e​s​e​l​l​s​c​h​a​f​t​/​s​c​h​a​e​d​l​i​c​h​e​s​-​n​e​t​z​w​e​r​k​-​f​a​c​e​b​o​o​k​-​l​o​e​s​c​h​t​-​k​a​n​a​e​l​e​-​u​n​d​-​g​r​u​p​p​e​n​-​d​e​r​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​r​/​2​7​6​2​1​0​1​4​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[27] Michael Bor­gers „EU-Verbot von RT und Sputnik „Wir erleben einen Infor­ma­ti­ons­krieg“ at „deutsch​land​funk​.de“ from 03.03.2022. Avail­able under https://​www​.deutsch​land​funk​.de/​e​u​-​v​e​r​b​o​t​-​r​t​-​d​e​-​d​e​b​a​t​t​e​-​r​e​a​k​t​i​o​n​e​n​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[28] „RT DE trotzt Zensur und Hacker­an­griffen – Wir sind wei­terhin über Alter­na­tiven erreichbar“ at „de​.rt​.com“ from 02.04.2022 at 08:15 Uhr. Avail­able under https://​de​.rt​.com/​i​n​l​a​n​d​/​1​3​5​2​4​1​-​r​t​-​d​e​-​t​r​o​t​z​t​-​z​e​n​s​u​r​-​u​n​d​-​h​a​c​k​e​r​a​n​g​r​i​f​f​en/, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[29] Michael Bor­gers „EU-Verbot von RT und Sputnik „Wir erleben einen Infor­ma­ti­ons­krieg“ at „deutsch​land​funk​.de“ from 03.03.2022. Avail­able under https://​www​.deutsch​land​funk​.de/​e​u​-​v​e​r​b​o​t​-​r​t​-​d​e​-​d​e​b​a​t​t​e​-​r​e​a​k​t​i​o​n​e​n​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[30] „TikTok löscht AfD-Kanal“ at „jun​ge​frei​heit​.de“ from 10.05.2022. Avail­able under https://​jun​ge​frei​heit​.de/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​d​e​u​t​s​c​h​l​a​n​d​/​2​0​2​2​/​t​i​k​t​o​k​-​l​o​e​s​c​h​t​-​a​f​d​-​k​a​n​al/, last time looked up at 13.05.2022.

[31] „Polizei zu Haus­durch­su­chung bei »Querdenken«-Arzt Bodo Schiff­mann“ at „t‑online.de“ from 27.10.2020. Avail­able under https://www.t‑online.de/nachrichten/deutschland/id_88827988/polizei-zu-hausdurchsuchung-bei-querdenken-arzt-bodo-schiffmann-.html, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[32] Eliran Kendi „Bodo Schiff­mann: „Querdenker“-Arzt nach Afrika geflüchtet – „Meine Kinder sind stolz auf mich““ at „heidelberg24“.de from 11.03.2021 at 07:52 a.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.hei​del​berg24​.de/​r​e​g​i​o​n​/​b​o​d​o​-​s​c​h​i​f​f​m​a​n​n​-​r​a​z​z​i​a​-​c​o​r​o​n​a​-​m​a​s​k​e​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​n​-​s​i​n​s​h​e​i​m​-​h​e​i​d​e​l​b​e​r​g​-​a​r​z​t​-​d​e​m​o​n​s​t​r​a​n​t​e​n​-​k​l​i​n​i​k​-​a​f​r​i​k​a​-​9​0​2​0​0​3​9​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[33] See e. g.  Daniel Hagen „Bodo Schiff­mann: Spenden-Geld landet bei Eso­terik-Verein – „Kraft­pa­kete“ für Flut­opfer?“ at „mannheim24“.de from 23.02.2022 at 8:27 p.m.. Avail­able under https://​www​.mann​heim24​.de/​r​e​g​i​o​n​/​s​e​k​t​e​-​b​o​d​o​-​s​c​h​i​f​f​m​a​n​n​-​f​l​u​t​o​p​f​e​r​-​a​h​r​t​a​l​-​s​p​e​n​d​e​n​g​e​l​d​-​t​e​l​e​g​r​a​m​-​q​u​e​r​d​e​n​k​e​r​-​9​1​3​5​9​5​3​1​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[34] „Meh­rere Straf­an­zeigen gegen »Quer­denken-Arzt« Schiff­mann ein­ge­gangen“ at „swr​.de“ from 26.07.2021 at 3:29 p.m. Avail­able under https://​www​.swr​.de/​s​w​r​a​k​t​u​e​l​l​/​b​a​d​e​n​-​w​u​e​r​t​t​e​m​b​e​r​g​/​m​a​n​n​h​e​i​m​/​s​t​r​a​f​a​n​z​e​i​g​e​n​-​g​e​g​e​n​-​s​c​h​i​f​f​m​a​n​n​-​w​e​g​e​n​-​s​p​e​n​d​e​n​s​a​m​m​l​u​n​g​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[35] „Zeigen des »Z«-Symbols kann strafbar sein“ at „tages​schau​.de“ from 28.03.2022 at 12:31 a.m.. Avail­able under https://www.tagesschau.de/inland/z‑symbol-russland-verbot-101.html, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[36] Dietmar Neuerer „Die Rechts­ver­dreher“ at „han​dels​blatt​.com“ from 13.03.2014 at 10:26 a.m.. Avai­able under https://​www​.han​dels​blatt​.com/​p​o​l​i​t​i​k​/​i​n​t​e​r​n​a​t​i​o​n​a​l​/​v​o​e​l​k​e​r​r​e​c​h​t​-​u​n​d​-​d​i​e​-​k​r​i​m​-​k​r​i​s​e​-​d​i​e​-​r​e​c​h​t​s​v​e​r​d​r​e​h​e​r​/​9​6​0​5​1​2​2​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 14.05.2022: „Schröder räumte ein, dass er selber das Völ­ker­recht gebro­chen habe, als es um die deut­sche Betei­li­gung am Kosovo-Krieg gegen Ser­bien wäh­rend seiner Regie­rungs­zeit gegangen sei.“

[37] Chris­toph Burgmer „Auf Lügen gebaut“ at „deutsch​land​funk​.de“ from 05.02.2013. Avail­able under https://​www​.deutsch​land​funk​.de/​a​u​f​-​l​u​e​g​e​n​-​g​e​b​a​u​t​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 14.05.2022: „Am 5. Februar 2003 warf US-Außen­mi­nister Colin Powell dem Irak den Besitz von Mas­sen­ver­nich­tungs­waffen vor und begrün­dete damit die US-Inter­ven­tion im Irak. Später ent­schul­digte sich Powell für die in der Rede ver­brei­teten Lügen.“

[38] Prof. Dr. Werner Müller „Ver­fol­gung von Regie­rungs­kri­ti­kern – Fort­set­zung folgt?“ at „tkp​.at“ from 13.05.2022. Avail­able under https://​tkp​.at/​2​0​2​2​/​0​5​/​1​3​/​v​e​r​f​o​l​g​u​n​g​-​v​o​n​-​r​e​g​i​e​r​u​n​g​s​k​r​i​t​i​k​e​r​n​-​f​o​r​t​s​e​t​z​u​n​g​-​f​o​l​gt/, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[39] https://t.me/KlagePATEN_eu/2602

[40] „Tan­zania poll: John Mag­u­fuli of CCM defeats Edward Lowassa“ auf „bbc​.com“ from 29.10.2015. Avail­able under https://​www​.bbc​.com/​n​e​w​s​/​w​o​r​l​d​-​a​f​r​i​c​a​-​3​4​6​6​9​468, last time looked up at 12.05.2022.

[41] „Congra­tu­la­tions — EALA tells H.E. Dr John Mag­u­fuli and Tan­za­nians“ at „eac​.int“. Avail­able under https://www.eac.int/press-releases/294–322-896-congratulations-eala-tells-h-e-dr-john-magufuli-and-tanzanians, last time looked up at 14.05.2022.

[42] Simon Allison „Tanzania’s pre­si­dent tar­gets cor­rup­tion with sur­prise visits and sackings” at „the​guar​dian​.com” from 08.12.2015 at 07:00 Uhr. Avail­able under https://​www​.the​guar​dian​.com/​g​l​o​b​a​l​-​d​e​v​e​l​o​p​m​e​n​t​/​2​0​1​5​/​d​e​c​/​0​8​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​n​e​w​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​j​o​h​n​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​a​r​g​e​t​s​-​c​o​r​r​u​p​t​i​o​n​-​s​u​r​p​r​i​s​e​-​v​i​s​i​t​s​-​s​a​c​k​i​ngs, last time looked up at 12.05.2022.

[43] Simon Allison „Tanzania’s pre­si­dent tar­gets cor­rup­tion with sur­prise visits and sackings” at „the​guar​dian​.com” from 08.12.2015 at 07:00 a. m. Avail­able under https://​www​.the​guar​dian​.com/​g​l​o​b​a​l​-​d​e​v​e​l​o​p​m​e​n​t​/​2​0​1​5​/​d​e​c​/​0​8​/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​n​e​w​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​j​o​h​n​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​a​r​g​e​t​s​-​c​o​r​r​u​p​t​i​o​n​-​s​u​r​p​r​i​s​e​-​v​i​s​i​t​s​-​s​a​c​k​i​ngs, last time looked up at 12.05.2022.

[44] Charles Kombe „Tanzania’s Mag­u­fuli Wins Lands­lide Reelec­tion“  at „voanews​.com“ from 01.11.2020 um 07:50 a. m.. Avail­able under https://​www​.voanews​.com/​a​/​a​f​r​i​c​a​_​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​s​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​w​i​n​s​-​l​a​n​d​s​l​i​d​e​-​r​e​-​e​l​e​c​t​i​o​n​/​6​1​9​7​8​4​8​.​h​tml, last time looked up at 12.05.2022.

[45] „Neue Prä­si­dentin Tan­sa­nias ist Mit­glied im World Eco­nomic Forum“ at „unser​-mit​tel​eu​ropa​.com“ from 19.03.2021. Avail­able under https://​unser​-mit​tel​eu​ropa​.com/​n​e​u​e​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​i​n​-​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​s​-​i​s​t​-​m​i​t​g​l​i​e​d​-​i​m​-​w​o​r​l​d​-​e​c​o​n​o​m​i​c​-​f​o​r​um/, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[46] „Tan­sania: Gerüchte über Todes­ur­sache des Prä­si­denten“ auf „ber​liner​-mis​si​ons​werk​.de“. Avail­able under https://www.berliner-missionswerk.de/aktuelles/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=1268, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

[47] „Mei­nung: John Mag­u­fuli — ver­hasst und ver­ehrt“ at „dw​.com“ from 18.03.2021. Avail­able under https://www.dw.com/de/meinung-john-magufuli-verhasst-und-verehrt/a‑56909380, last time looked up at 11.05.2022.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Abonnieren
Benachrichtige mich bei
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments